Sheppard, White, Kachergus, & DeMaggio, P.A. Attorneys & Counselors At Law
Call us anytime.
During office hours, call 904-356-9661
After office hours, call 904-727-7191

Regular office hours are 7:30 a.m. to 6:30 p.m.

Posts tagged "Self-defense"

Stand Your Ground Defense Unavailable in Battery on Law Enforcement Officer Prosecution

The First District Court of Appeal of Florida has decided the case of Finkelstein v. State, 2015 WL 798162. In Finkelstein, the defendant was charged with battery on a law enforcement officer with a deadly weapon. The defendant moved to dismiss the charges, claiming statutory immunity pursuant to §776.032, Fla. Stat. (2013), arguing that the deadly force he used was justifiable to defend himself. This statute, commonly referred to as the "stand your ground" defense provides: 

Open Carry Ban Upheld Against Second Amendment Challenge

On February 18, 2015, the Fourth District Court of Appeal decided the case of Norman v. State, 2015 WL 669582 (Fla. 4th DCA 2015). The defendant in Norman was arrested and charged with the offense of open carrying of a weapon, in violation of §790.053, Fla. Stat. (2012). He filed a motion to dismiss, which was denied by the trial court. However, the court certified three questions to the Fourth District Court of Appeal, all of which related to the constitutionality of Florida's open carry laws. Those questions were: (1) is Florida's statutory scheme related to the open carry of firearms constitutional; (2) do the exceptions to the prohibition against open carry constitute affirmative defenses to a prosecution for a charge of open carry, or does the State need to prove beyond a reasonable doubt that a particular defendant is not conducting himself or herself in the manner allowed; and (3) does the recent "brief and open display" exception unconstitutionally infect the open carry law by its vagueness?

Stand Your Ground Defense Applies Even if the Alleged Victim Is Unarmed

Florida's Stand Your Ground Law (SYGL) (§776.032, Fla. Stat. (2013) gives a person both immunity from criminal prosecution and civil liability from the use of deadly force when he or she believes that such force is necessary to prevent imminent death or great bodily harm to self or others or to prevent the imminent commission of a forcible felony. This law also provides that before the reasonableness of force issue is presented to a jury, the trial court must decide whether the case should proceed at all. When the defendant files a motion to dismiss on SYGL, the trial court must decide whether "...based on circumstances as they appeared to the defendant when he or she acted, a reasonable and prudent person situated in the same circumstances and knowing what the defendant knew would have used the same force as did the defendant." This is known as an objective standard; it is not what the defendant believed, it is what a reasonable person would have believed. 

email us for a response
  1. Martindale Hubbell AV Preeminent Peer Rated for highest level of Provisional Excellence 2019 Sheppard Best Lawyers Badge Employment 2019 Sheppard Best Lawyers Badge General Practice 2019 Best Lawyers Best Law Firms US News 2018 Best Lawyers|Lawyer Of The Year WM. J. Sheppard|Criminal Defense: White-Collor|Jacksonville Florida|2018 Best Lawyers Best Law Firms US News 2017
  2. Best Lawyers|Best Law Firms US News|Criminal Defense: White-Collor|Tier 1|Jacksonville|2017 Martindale-Hubbell Client Champion Silver / 2017 Best Lawyers Best Law Firms US News 2016 Martindale Hubbell AV Preeminent Peer Rated for highest level of Provisional Excellence 2016 William J.Sheppard Best Lawyers Lawyer of the year 2014
  3. American College of Trial Lawyers The Florida Bar Board Certified Best Lawyers Linking Lawyers And Clients Worldwide AV Martindale Hubbell Peer Review Rated For Ethical Standards and Legal Ability Super Lawyers

Sheppard, White, Kachergus, & DeMaggio, P.A. Attorneys & Counselors at Law.
215 N. Washington Street
Jacksonville, FL 32202

Phone: 904-727-7191
Phone: 904-356-9661
Fax: 904-356-9667
Map & Directions

Regular office hours are 7:30 a.m. to 6:30 p.m.

Back to top